Gir cow is one of the native Indian species also referred to as desi cow, “Bhodali”, “Desan”, “Gujarati”, “Kathiawari”, “Sorthi”, and “Surati” and known for its distinctive appearance and high-quality milk. The breeding tract of the breed includes Amreli, Bhavnagar, Junagadh and Rajkot districts of Gujarat and is named after the Gir forest, the geographical area of origin of the breed.
This is a world-renowned breed known for its tolerance to stress conditions. Having faced scarcity for a number of years, it has the capacity for yielding more milk with less feeding and is resistant to various tropical diseases.
Due to their special qualities, animals of this breed have been imported by countries like Brazil, USA, Venezuela and Mexico, and are being bred there successfully. Gir cow is usually red in colour with many animals have white spots. Variants with different sheds of red are also available. These animals have typically dome shaped forehead and long ears.
Pure Gir cow milk has calcium, phosphorus, rich fats, potassium which helps to maintain blood pressure. It also contains a Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) is an important acid that lowering the bad cholesterol thus it improves overall heart health.